The existence of exclusive rights to the object of creative activity gives the opportunity not only to use the work, but also to dispose of it at one's own discretion. The Civil Code of the Russian Federation allows full or partial transfer of rights to other persons, including on a compensation basis. For this purpose a license agreement on temporary transfer of rights or an agreement on full alienation of rights is executed.
Alienation of copyrights takes place under the terms of a contract or license agreement. If there is a requirement for registration of intellectual property rights, the same procedure will be applied when executing contracts. With regard to copyrights, the law allows the following disposal options:
Purchase of rights on terms of full alienation allows the new owner to independently decide the further fate of the object. He will be able to use the acquired exclusive rights for his own needs, for commercial activities, for subsequent transfer on the terms of a license, etc.
As a rule, licensing agreements are of compensatory nature. Even if the text of the document does not specify the terms of payment of remuneration, but states the condition of its compensation, the contract is considered as not concluded. When purchasing rights from a natural person, the contract may be free of charge, while legal entities may formalize the transfer only on a commercial basis.
The owner of the object can independently establish restrictions on the license (e.g., a ban on the exercise of rights from certain regions or on the further transfer of rights to other persons).
Unlike patents for inventions, copyrights arise directly from the moment of creation of a work or other object of creative work. Registration can be carried out only for software (such decision is made by the right holder himself) - in this case the same procedure will be applied for conclusion of the agreement on transfer of rights.
When executing documents on transfer of copyrights the following nuances must be taken into account:
The purchase and sale implies a full transfer of rights, but authorship will be retained even in this case. In the case of license agreements, the rights are returned to the original owner after the expiration of the agreement, or if the conditions of use are violated.
Full or partial acquisition of rights is allowed under contracts between citizens and enterprises. Also the law does not contain restrictions on the status of the parties. For example, if the rights to a work belong to a foreign citizen, they are subject to protection under national and international law. The procedure for acquiring rights from a non-resident or a domestic entity is practically the same.
It is possible to execute all documents for the transfer of rights independently, through a representative, or through patent attorneys. For foreign participants in such cases, the conduct of business is allowed only through a patent attorney registered with the service of Rospatent.
If you need to execute a copyright or draw up documents on their transfer to other persons, our specialists will provide the following services:
Patent attorneys will act as your representative in negotiations with the acquirer of rights, agree on the most favorable terms of the deal. If necessary, we will provide services for registration of the contract, as well as for judicial settlement of the dispute.